The DiSA-II study would be the continuation of the DiSA study carried out in 2006.
This study was carried out in the 2016-2017 academic year, during the months of September to November 2016, a nutrition and health survey was carried out with students of the first grade of various degrees of the UMH. All the qualifications were invited to participate through contact with their deans / as of faculty or vicedecanos / as of titulación. Finally, 12 (43%) degrees and 659 (27%) of the first-year students participated in this survey.
All participants who agreed to participate signed the consent and completed the corresponding questionnaire.
The objectives of this study have been:
- Obtain anthropometric indexes such as weight and height, and estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity.
- Describe the eating habits and frequency of food consumption
- Estimate the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean diet
- Estimate the prevalence of sedentary lifestyle and physical activity practices throughout the day
- Describe sexual habits
- Estimate the prevalence of the use of tobacco, alcohol and the use of illicit substances (other drugs)
- Describe the self-perceived health status
- Describe the degree of social integration, well-being and work stress
- Estimate the prevalence of internet use and evaluate the problematic use of the internet among university students
Among the main conclusions that can be established from the results observed with the “Student Health Survey of the UMH” include:
- In general, a large proportion of students present healthy habits. The students report a good general state of self-perceived health. 22% report having a regular / bad or very poor health, this percentage being higher in women.
- Regarding the nutritional status measured through the body mass index, men had a higher percentage of overweight and obesity than women.
- In relation to eating habits, we found no differences by sex, 4 of 10 students make 5 meals a day and 1 of 10 do not usually eat breakfast daily.
- With regard to food consumption, consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and wholemeal bread has been much lower than that recommended for young people. On the contrary, a high consumption of soft drinks and industrial bakery has been observed.
- Differences were observed by sex and by campus in relation to some healthy lifestyles. The men presented more overweight and obesity and refer to watch more television and consume more alcohol, tobacco and drugs.
- No differences were observed by sex in sexual relationships. It is striking that almost 4 out of 10 students never use or almost never use a condom in their relationships.
- In relation to social integration and well-being, almost a third of the population states that they have suffered aggression and that they suffer discrimination.
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